IELTS also referred to as the International English Language Testing System is an English language proficiency test. Students who want to go abroad for their higher studies or work must take this test.
The most popular English language test is IELTS. It has two types: academics ( for a study visa ), and general training ( for a work permit or PR ).
If you need clarification about IELTS Academic vs General and want to know everything about it then you can read our other blog.
You can easily get a band score of 5.5 or 6 in the IELTS exam, but to get a band score of 6.5 or 7+ you must have proper vocabulary knowledge. There is a different vocabulary for IELTS for each section.
In the upcoming paragraph, we will get the IELTS vocabulary list for writing, reading, listening, and speaking. This post will help you become familiar with some new and difficult words.
But, before reading the list of IELTS vocabulary, you must know why vocabulary is needed in IELTS.
We will provide some important and common Collocations For IELTS that will help you get a good band score. You will also learn about some common idioms, which you can use as vocabulary for IELTS speaking.
Good Luck! Keep reading to get to know about high-score IELTS vocabulary.
Why is vocabulary important for IELTS?
IELTS consists of four modules: listening, reading, writing, and speaking. The only and most important thing all these sections have in common is vocabulary. In writing and speaking, vocabulary contributes to around 25% of your score. Vocabulary also helps in reading and listening as it increases the knowledge of synonyms.
Section-wise vocabulary for IELTS (Academics)
Here we will provide the important vocabulary for IELTS academics that will help you to improve your band score in the exam.
You will get the proper list of the latest IELTS vocabulary for listening, reading, writing, and speaking.
Vocabulary for IELTS writing
The unique words we use in the IELTS writing section to boost our band score are called vocabulary for IELTS writing.
Vocabulary in IELTS writing is very crucial if you use them wisely. It will make your writing attractive and help you get a 7+ band in the IELTS writing section.
It is advised that you should not use any word whose meaning you do not know because misusing a word can affect your band score.
Let’s see the vocabulary for the IELTS writing list:
Vocabulary for Task 1
Vocabularies for an upward trend
Example – The use of electricity soared last month.
Soar is used to show a large rise.
Example – The use of mobile phones has rocketed in the last five months.
Just like soar, rockets are used to show a large rise.
Example – People’s interest in electronic gadgets has surged.
Vocabulary for a downward trend
- Slip back
Example – The use of telephones has slipped back in the past 10 years.
This is used when there is a fall after having a rise.
For example – The housing cost sank after the corona pandemic.
Example – The crime rate has dipped in the past few years.
Adjective vocabularies for showing a steady trend
|Constant||A constant shift|
|Consistent||A consistent flow|
Adjective vocabularies for showing a small increase or decrease trend
|Gradual||A gradual fall|
|slight||A slight rise|
|Modest||A modest increase|
Vocabulary for Task 2
Vocabulary for showing contrast:
- On the other hand,
- On the contrary,
- Even though,
These are the vocabularies for IELTS you can use if you want to show the contradiction.
Vocabulary to present an idea:
- When it comes to…
- Not only… but also..
- Research shows that…
- With respect to…
- Research has found that…
Examples: Research shows that unemployment and crime are interrelated.
Parents always come first when teaching moral values to children, but teachers are equally responsible for that.
Phrases to explain more ideas:
- Apart from this,
- Another point worth noticing is,
- Another factor to consider is,
- In addition,
- Not only… but also …
Vocabulary for IELTS to show a result, effect, or consequence:
- The reason why
- On account of…
- Because of…
- As a result,
- As a consequence,
- Owing to,
- Due to,
- As an effect,
Vocabulary for IELTS writing task 2 conclusion:
- To recapitulate,
- To conclude,
- To sum up,
- In a nutshell,
- To summarize,
Some expressions you may have been writing wrong:
|Last but not the least,||Last but not least,|
|In conclusion,||In a nutshell,|
|Secondly,||Second of all,|
|From my point of view,||In my point of view,|
|In my opinion,||From my opinion,|
If you want to learn some tips for improving your IELTS writing, you can read our other “Best 8 Tips On How To Improve Writing In IELTS.”
Vocabulary for IELTS speaking
Speaking is an important and scorable module of IELTS. The duration of speaking tests is approximately 10 to 15 minutes. It has three parts:
Introduction: In this exam, the examiner will ask you some introductory questions about yourself. For example, do you love flowers? Do you enjoy music? In this, you can answer one or two lines.
Cue Card: This examiner will give you a topic, and you must speak for at least 1:30 to 2 minutes.
Follow-Up: In this part, the examiner will ask questions related to your cue card or some general topics, and you have to answer at least 3 to 4 lines.
Let’s move to the list of vocabulary for IELTS speaking.
Meaning – an activity is done for enjoyment
For Example – Cricket is my favorite pastime.
Meaning- a formally planned trip.
Example – My boss planned an itinerary for a trip to Shimla for all employees.
Meaning – outside of one’s home country
Example – I want to go abroad for further studies.
Meaning – a chosen field of study.
Example – Ram’s majors were physics, chemistry, and mathematics in senior high school.
Meaning – the beginning grade levels of school
Example – Miss Babita was my favorite teacher in primary school.
Some other important vocabulary for speaking in IELTS
- Suburb – a town near the big city.
- A night out – a night spent outside the house in a public place.
- Chilly – referring to the weather, which means cold and uncomfortable weather.
- Casual – when referring to friends, means someone you don’t know properly.
- Arid – a dry climate with no or little rain.
- Chain restaurant – a restaurant with branches at different locations.
- Ingredients – things that you combine to make a certain dish.
- Innovation – new and valuable invention.
Vocabulary for IELTS reading
In the reading section of the IELTS, knowledge of vocabulary helps you in skimming and scanning. If you know different vocabulary, you won’t get stuck while skimming and will save valuable time. The duration of the reading section is 1 hour.
Without wasting time, let’s look at the important vocabulary for reading.
- Erosion – when sand is removed from the earth’s surface with water or air.
- Habitat – A place where you find a certain animal, plant, or other living creature.
- Emissions – when a gas or smoke gets released into the air.
- Flora and fauna – It means plants and animals.
- Mammal – animals that have warm blood and fur on their body.
- Reptiles – Animals that have cold blood and no hair or fur on their bodies, such as turtles, lizards, and snakes.
- Evolve – when something changes or develops itself.
- Sustainable – sustainable activity is that which doesn’t damage the environment.
Vocabulary for IELTS listening
In this section, you will listen to a recording for 30 minutes and have to answer 40 questions by listening to that recording. You will get an additional 10 minutes to transfer your answers to the answer sheet.
Let’s have a view at the useful vocabulary for IELTS listening.
- Tutorial – student-teacher discussion when the tutor is instructing students.
- Office hours – The time you spend in the office.
- Counselor – Who consults you and takes your counseling sessions.
- Sibling – a brother or sister.
- Spouse – a husband or wife.
- In-laws – relatives of your spouse.
- High rise – tall buildings mostly at the town center.
- The main square – a small and central area of the city center.
- Accommodation – place where anyone lives.
New Vocabulary Words For IELTS
Here, you will get some new vocabulary words that you can use in your IELTS exam to get a high band score.
Using proper vocabulary for IELTS is very important, as we mentioned before because it does not matter how many words you know; the thing that matters is do you know how to use them correctly in a sentence.
So first, you must know how to use vocabulary correctly. You can follow some tips to improve your vocabulary for the IELTS exam. Like,
- Writing down a new or unknown word and using a dictionary to know the meaning of that new vocabulary word for IELTS.
- Learning synonyms for common words that we use in daily life.
- Whenever you make sentences using an unknown word, ask someone to check whether you make the correct sentence.
Here you will get updated new vocabulary words for IELTS with their meaning, which you must practice to get a 7+ band score in the IELTS exam.
You are advised to make sentences using these words and let us know through comments our experts can check your work and let you know whether you made the right sentence.
|Abate||to become less intense or widespread|
|Acquiesce||to accept something reluctantly (unwillingly) but without protest,|
|Admonish||to warn or reprimand someone firmly|
|Alacrity||brisk and cheerful readiness|
|Ameliorate||to make something better or more tolerable|
|Apathy||lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern|
|Articulate||expressing oneself clearly and effectively|
|Assuage||to make less severe or intense|
|Beguile||to charm or enchant someone, sometimes in a deceptive way|
|Cacophony||a harsh, discordant mixture of sounds|
|Capricious||given to sudden and unaccountable changes of mood or behavior|
|Circumspect||wary and unwilling to take risks|
|Conundrum||a confusing and difficult problem or question|
|Corpulent||excessively fat or overweight|
|Credulous||having or showing too great a readiness to believe things|
|Deleterious||causing harm or damage|
|Despondent||in low spirits from loss of hope or courage|
|Diaphanous||light, delicate, and translucent|
|Dilatory||slow to act|
|Disparate||essentially different in kind; not allowing comparison|
|Egregious||outstandingly bad or shocking|
|Eloquent||fluent or persuasive in speaking or writing|
|Emulate||to imitate with the intention of equaling or surpassing|
|Enervate||to cause someone to feel drained of energy or vitality|
|Erudite||having or showing extensive knowledge|
|Euphemism||a mild or indirect word or expression used instead of one considered too harsh or blunt|
|Exacerbate||to make a problem or situation worse|
|Exemplary||serving as a desirable model; representing the best of its kind|
|Fastidious||very attentive to and concerned about accuracy and detail|
|Fervor||intense and passionate feeling|
|Fledgling||an immature, inexperienced, or underdeveloped person or organization|
|Flummox||to perplex or confuse someone|
|Gregarious||fond of company; sociable|
|Histrionic||overly theatrical or melodramatic in character or style|
|Impetuous||acting or done quickly and without thought or care|
|Incessant||continuing without pause or interruption|
|Incongruous||not in harmony or keeping with the surroundings or other aspects of something|
|Indolent||wanting to avoid activity or exertion; lazy|
|Insipid||lacking flavor or interest; dull|
|Jocular||fond of or characterized by joking; humorous or playful|
|Languid||displaying or having a disinclination for physical exertion or effort; slow and relaxed|
|Malaise||a general feeling of discomfort, illness, or unease|
|Melancholy||a feeling of pensive sadness, typically with no obvious cause|
|Mitigate||to make less severe, serious, or painful|
|Nefarious||wicked or criminal|
|Obtuse||annoyingly insensitive or slow to understand|
|Pernicious||having a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle way|
|Perspicacious||having a ready insight into and understanding of things|
|Quixotic||exceedingly idealistic; unrealistic and impractical|
Some Topic-wise Vocabulary For IELTS Writing And Speaking
Here is the list of the top 8 topics that are very common in IELTS writing. You will get the advanced level vocabulary for these topics that will help you get a 7+ band score in the IELTS writing.
- Travel and tourism
- Society and culture
- Arts and media
Meaning – The method or practice of teaching.
Example – The school is known for its innovative pedagogy, which emphasizes hands-on learning.
Meaning – The course of study followed by a school or educational institution.
Example – The school is updating its curriculum to include more technology-focused classes.
Meaning – The ability to read and write.
Example – The literacy rate in the country has improved significantly in recent years.
Meaning – A person’s job or profession.
Example – Her occupation is a doctor.
Meaning – The amount of money paid for a job, usually on an annual basis.
Example – The company offered him a high salary to work for them.
Meaning – An advancement in rank or position within a job.
Example – She worked hard and was rewarded with a promotion to manager.
Meaning – The introduction of new ideas or methods.
Example: The company is known for its innovative approach to technology.
Meaning – Relating to technology that uses digital signals rather than analog signals.
Example: Many people now prefer to read digital books rather than physical ones.
Meaning – Programs and other operating information used by a computer.
Example: I need to install some new software on my computer.
Meaning – The ability to maintain or preserve something without depleting natural resources.
Example: The company is committed to sustainability and reducing its carbon footprint.
Meaning – The presence or introduction into the environment of substances or contaminants that cause harm or discomfort.
Example: The city has implemented measures to reduce air pollution.
Meaning – Able to be replenished naturally over time.
Example: Solar power is a renewable source of energy.
Meaning – The study of food and how it affects the body.
Example: She has a degree in nutrition and works as a dietician.
Meaning – The state of being physically and mentally healthy and strong.
Example: Regular exercise is essential for maintaining fitness.
Meaning – Actions taken to prevent something from happening.
Example: Vaccines are a form of prevention against many diseases.
Travel and tourism
Meaning – A place to which someone is traveling or where something is sent.
Example: Paris is a popular destination for tourists.
Meaning – A person who is traveling or visiting a place for pleasure.
Example: The city welcomes thousands of tourists each year.
Meaning – A place to stay or live, especially on a temporary basis.
Example: We need to find accommodation for our trip to London.
Society and culture
Meaning – The state of being diverse or different.
Example: The city prides itself on its diversity and multiculturalism.
Meaning – A long-established custom or belief.
Example: The festival celebrates local traditions and customs.
Meaning – Social expectations or guidelines for behavior within a particular society or culture.
Example: In some cultures, it is considered impolite to make direct eye contact during a conversation.
Arts and media
Meaning – A category or type of art, literature, music, or other creative work.
Example: Science fiction is a popular genre in literature and film.
Meaning – A critical analysis or evaluation of a work of art or literature.
Example: The art critic gave a scathing critique of the new exhibit.
Meaning – The transmission of audio or video content over a communication network.
Example: The news broadcast starts at 6 pm every evening.
Common Words With Synonyms And Meaning
Sometimes, you use very common words in IELTS that can make your writing or speaking looks dull. So instead of those words, you can use their synonyms.
These synonyms will work as vocabulary and play an important role in making your writing or speaking attractive.
So let’s have a look at the common words and their synonyms.
|Amazing||Very surprising||Astonishing, Extraordinary, Incredible, Fantastic, Fabulous|
|Answer||To give a reply to something||Respond|
|Awful||Bad or unpleasant||Terrible, Abominable, Dreadful|
|Bad||Not good or something that is of low-quality||Evil, Spoiled, Imperfect, Infamous, Dismal|
|Beautiful||Pretty or attractive||Gorgeous, Ravishing, Dazzling, Exquisite, Stunning|
|Begin||Start||Initiate, Commence, Inaugurate|
|Big||large||Huge, Enormous, Gigantic, Humongous, Substantial, Mammoth|
|Break||When something stop working||Rupture, Fracture, Shatter|
|Calm||Person who is not worried, angry, or too much excited||Serene, Peace, Tranquil|
|Dangerous||Something that is not good for you||Hazardous, Risky, Precarious|
|Delicious||Something that taste or smell good||Savoury, Titbit, Delectable|
|Destroy||To break something||Demolish, Slay, Ruin, Raze|
|Dull||Something that is not interesting||Boring, Uninteresting, Monotonous, Humdrum, Dreary|
|Explain||When you represent something to make someone understand||Elaborate, Interpret|
|End||Last part of something||Terminate, Conclude, Cessation|
|Fall||When something drop down||Drop, Descend, Topple|
|Famous||Someone or something that is quite popular among people||Well-known, Renowned, Eminent, Illustrious|
|Fast||That move or act in speed||Quick, Rapid, Hasty, Snappy, Swift|
|Funny||Something that make you smile and laugh||Amusing, Humorous, Droll, Hilarious|
|Get||To have something||Acquire, Obtain, Secure, Procure, Gather|
|Good||Something with high quality and standard||Excellent, Fine, Wonderful, Superior, Gracious, Superb, Splendid, Genuine, Sterling, Top-notch|
|Great||Something that is important||Worthy, Distinguished, Grand, Considerable, Mighty|
|Happy||Felling of pleasure||Pleased, Delighted, Elated, Joyful, Ecstatic, Jubilant, Jaunty|
|Hate||Not liking someone or something||Despise, Loathe, Abhor, Abominate|
|Have||When you own something||Possess, Own, Acquire|
|Help||Doing something for someone else||Aid, Assist, Support, Encourage, Relieve|
|Hide||Make something not visible to others||Conceal, Cover, Mask, Veil|
|Important||Something that is necessary||Vital, Critical, Indispensable, Valuable, Essential, Famous, Notable|
|Little||small||Tiny, Diminutive, Exiguous, Dinky, Cramped|
|Move||Change position of something or someone||Plod, Creep, Crawl, Drag, Toddle, shuffle, Trot, Lumber, Meander|
|Show||To let someone see something||Display, Exhibit, Indicate, Reveal, Demonstrate|
|Tell||Giving information to someone||Disclose, Reveal, Expose, Narrate, Inform, Divulge|
|Use||Doing something with the help of something else||Employ, Utilise, Exhaust, Spend|
|Wrong||Something or someone that is not correct||Incorrect, Inaccurate, Mistaken, Erroneous, Improper, Unsuitable|
Important Collocations For IELTS
Collocation is the combination of two or more words to make a phrase which has a proper meaning.
Collocation Pattern for IELTS
Some of the collocation patterns is:
- Verb + Adverb
- Verb + Noun
- Noun + Adjective
- Adjective + Adverb
- Noun + Noun
Here are some important collocations for you to use in the IELTS exam to boost or improve your score in IELTS speaking and writing. You can use these collocations as vocabulary for IELTS.
Let’s have a look at the important collocations for IELTS:
- Have fun
- Have a blast
- Have a phone
- Have food
- Have breakfast
- Make your bed
- Why don’t you make your breakfast?
- Make some tea
- Make your food
- Do your homework before you sleep
- Do it right now
- Do get up early
- Take a bite from me
- Take your pen
- Take a bath
- Take a knife
- Keep your bag off
- Keep it on the desk
- Keep a smile on your face
- Get it done
- Get married
- Get off
- Get ready
- Go out
- Go home
- Go to school
Common Idioms To Boost IELTS
Here are some common Idioms you can use as vocabulary for IELTS speaking.
- Out of the blue
- In the red
- Learn by heart
- Child’s play
- Under the weather
- Kick the bucket
- Break a leg
- Pulling your leg
- Over the top
You can try using these phrases in examples and let us know through the comments so our expert tutors can review your examples and let you know if you are wrong.
If you find it difficult to calculate your IELTS overall score, our blog “How to calculate IELTS score: Everything you should know” can help you with this.
In this post, we have discussed the section-wise vocabulary for IELTS. This will help you to improve your band score in each section, as well as improve your overall band score.
Along with that, we have provided some essential tips that will help you improve your vocabulary knowledge and get a good score.
If you still have any queries or questions, let us know through comments or contact our experts.
You must keep visiting CourseMentor™ for more interesting and informative content like this.
How can I improve my vocabulary for IELTS?
Below are simple steps to improve your vocabulary for IELTS:
1. Write the definition
2. Put the word into a sentence to contextualse it
3. Check what the word form is – adjective, noun, adverb and verb.
4. Look for antonyms/synonyms
5. Look for collocations
Which dictionary is best for IELTS?
There are a few best dictionaries available online, such as:
1. Cambridge Dictionary
2. Oxford Learner’s Dictionary
3. Free Collocation
How many vocabularies need for IELTS?
It would be best if you had a vocabulary collection of between 6000 and 7000 of the most commonly used words. Also, ensure that every component of nature is covered in these phrases so you can speak clearly about any subject.
What is the most common vocabulary in IELTS?
Here is a list of a few most commonly used vocabulary words
2. Narrate and Inform
3. Display and Exhibit
4. Recent and current