IELTS also referred to as the International English Language Testing System is an English language proficiency test. Students who want to go abroad for their higher studies or work must take this test. 

Vocabulary is an important component of the IELTS exam, if you use proper vocabulary with accuracy you can get your desired band score.

If you have a good command of vocabulary for IELTS, you can easily use that to express your ideas.

In the upcoming paragraph, we will get the IELTS vocabulary list for writing, reading, listening, and speaking. This post will help you become familiar with some new and difficult words. 

We will provide some important and common Collocations For IELTS that will help you get a good band score. You will also learn about some common idioms, which you can use as vocabulary for IELTS speaking. 

Good Luck! Keep reading to get to know about high-score IELTS vocabulary.

Why is vocabulary important for IELTS?

IELTS consists of four modules: listening, reading, writing, and speaking. The only and most important thing all these sections have in common is vocabulary. In writing and speaking, vocabulary contributes to around 25% of your score. Vocabulary also helps in reading and listening as it increases the knowledge of synonyms. 

Section-wise vocabulary for IELTS (Academics) 

Here we will provide the important vocabulary for IELTS academics that will help you to improve your band score in the exam. 

You will get the proper list of the latest IELTS vocabulary for listening, reading, writing, and speaking. 

IELTS Vocabulary For Writing

The unique words we use in the IELTS writing section to boost our band score are called vocabulary for IELTS writing. 

Vocabulary in IELTS writing is very crucial if you use them wisely. It will make your writing attractive and help you get a 7+ band in the IELTS writing section. 

It is advised that you should not use any word whose meaning you do not know because misusing a word can affect your band score.

Let’s see the vocabulary for the IELTS writing list:

Vocabulary for IELTS Writing Task 1

Vocabularies for an upward trend

  1. Soar

Example – The use of electricity soared last month.

Soar is used to show a large rise.

  1. Rocket

Example – The use of mobile phones has rocketed in the last five months.

Just like soar, rockets are used to show a large rise.

  1. Surge

Example – People’s interest in electronic gadgets has surged.

Vocabulary for a downward trend

  1. Slip back

Example – The use of telephones has slipped back in the past 10 years.

This is used when there is a fall after having a rise.

  1. Sink

For example – The housing cost sank after the corona pandemic. 

  1. Dip

Example – The crime rate has dipped in the past few years.

Adjective vocabularies for showing a steady trend

ConstantA constant shift
Steadilymoved steadily
ConsistentA consistent flow

Adjective vocabularies for showing a small increase or decrease trend

GradualA gradual fall
slightA slight rise
ModestA modest increase

IELTS Vocabulary For Writing Task 2

Vocabulary for showing contrast:

  • On the other hand,
  • While,
  • Whereas
  • On the contrary,
  • Even though,
  • Alternatively,
  • Unlike,
  • Though,
  • Although,
  • Despite,
  • Meanwhile,
  • Oppositely,
  • Nevertheless,
  • Nonetheless,
  • However,

These are the vocabularies for IELTS you can use if you want to show the contradiction.

Vocabulary to present an idea:

  • When it comes to…
  • Not only… but also..
  • Research shows that…
  • With respect to…
  • Research has found that…

Examples: Research shows that unemployment and crime are interrelated.

Parents always come first when teaching moral values to children, but teachers are equally responsible for that.

Phrases to explain more ideas:

  • Furthermore,
  • Apart from this,
  • Another point worth noticing is,
  • Another factor to consider is,
  • In addition,
  • Also,
  • Besides,
  • Not only… but also …

Vocabulary for IELTS to show a result, effect, or consequence:

  • The reason why
  • Therefore,
  • Eventually, 
  • On account of…
  • Because of…
  • Hence,
  • As a result,
  • Consequently,
  • As a consequence,
  • Owing to,
  • Due to,
  • As an effect,
  • Thus,

Vocabulary for IELTS writing task 2 conclusion:

  • To recapitulate,
  • To conclude,
  • To sum up,
  • In a nutshell,
  • To summarize,

Some expressions you may have been writing wrong:

Last but not the least,Last but not least,
In conclusion,In a nutshell,
Secondly,Second of all,
From my point of view,In my point of view,
In my opinion,From my opinion,

If you want to learn some tips for improving your IELTS writing, you can read our other “Best 8 Tips On How To Improve Writing In IELTS.”

IELTS Vocabulary For Speaking

Speaking is an important and scorable module of IELTS. The duration of speaking tests is approximately 10 to 15 minutes. It has three parts:

Introduction: In this exam, the examiner will ask you some introductory questions about yourself. For example, do you love flowers? Do you enjoy music? In this, you can answer one or two lines.

Cue Card: This examiner will give you a topic, and you must speak for at least 1:30 to 2 minutes.

Follow-Up: In this part, the examiner will ask questions related to your cue card or some general topics, and you have to answer at least 3 to 4 lines.

Let’s move to the list of vocabulary for IELTS speaking.

  1. pastime

Meaning – an activity is done for enjoyment

For Example – Cricket is my favorite pastime.

  1. itinerary

Meaning- a formally planned trip.

Example – My boss planned an itinerary for a trip to Shimla for all employees.

  1. abroad

Meaning – outside of one’s home country

Example – I want to go abroad for further studies.

  1. major

Meaning – a chosen field of study.

Example – Ram’s majors were physics, chemistry, and mathematics in senior high school.

  1. primary

Meaning – the beginning grade levels of school

Example – Miss Babita was my favorite teacher in primary school.

Some other important vocabulary for speaking in IELTS

  • Suburb – a town near the big city.
  • A night out – a night spent outside the house in a public place.
  • Chilly – referring to the weather, which means cold and uncomfortable weather.
  • Casual – when referring to friends, means someone you don’t know properly.
  • Arid –  a dry climate with no or little rain.
  • Chain restaurant – a restaurant with branches at different locations.
  • Ingredients – things that you combine to make a certain dish.
  • Innovation – new and valuable invention.

Vocabulary for IELTS reading

In the reading section of the IELTS, knowledge of vocabulary helps you in skimming and scanning. If you know different vocabulary, you won’t get stuck while skimming and will save valuable time. The duration of the reading section is 1 hour.

Without wasting time, let’s look at the important vocabulary for reading.

  • Erosion – when sand is removed from the earth’s surface with water or air.
  • Habitat – A place where you find a certain animal, plant, or other living creature.
  • Emissions – when a gas or smoke gets released into the air.
  • Flora and fauna – It means plants and animals.
  • Mammal – animals that have warm blood and fur on their body.
  • Reptiles – Animals that have cold blood and no hair or fur on their bodies, such as turtles, lizards, and snakes.
  • Evolve – when something changes or develops itself.
  • Sustainable – sustainable activity is that which doesn’t damage the environment.

Vocabulary for IELTS listening

In this section, you will listen to a recording for 30 minutes and have to answer 40 questions by listening to that recording. You will get an additional 10 minutes to transfer your answers to the answer sheet.

Let’s have a view at the useful vocabulary for IELTS listening.

  • Tutorial – student-teacher discussion when the tutor is instructing students.
  • Office hours – The time you spend in the office.
  • Counselor – Who consults you and takes your counseling sessions.
  • Sibling – a brother or sister.
  • Spouse – a husband or wife.
  • In-laws – relatives of your spouse.
  • High rise – tall buildings mostly at the town center.
  • The main square – a small and central area of the city center.
  • Accommodation – a place where anyone lives.

Topic-wise Vocabulary For IELTS

Here is the list of the top 8 topics that are very common in IELTS writing. You will get the advanced level vocabulary for these topics that will help you get a 7+ band score in the IELTS writing.

  • Education
  • Work
  • Technology
  • Environment
  • Health
  • Travel and tourism
  • Society and culture
  • Arts and media


  • Pedagogy 

Meaning – The method or practice of teaching.

Example – The school is known for its innovative pedagogy, which emphasizes hands-on learning.

  • Curriculum

Meaning – The course of study followed by a school or educational institution. 

Example – The school is updating its curriculum to include more technology-focused classes.

  • Literacy

Meaning – The ability to read and write. 

Example – The literacy rate in the country has improved significantly in recent years.


  • Occupation

Meaning – A person’s job or profession. 

Example – Her occupation is a doctor.

  • Salary

Meaning – The amount of money paid for a job, usually on an annual basis. 

Example – The company offered him a high salary to work for them.

  • Promotion

Meaning – An advancement in rank or position within a job. 

Example – She worked hard and was rewarded with a promotion to manager.


  • Innovation

Meaning – The introduction of new ideas or methods. 

Example: The company is known for its innovative approach to technology.

  • Digital

Meaning – Relating to technology that uses digital signals rather than analog signals. 

Example: Many people now prefer to read digital books rather than physical ones.

  • Software

Meaning – Programs and other operating information used by a computer. 

Example: I need to install some new software on my computer.


  • Sustainability

Meaning – The ability to maintain or preserve something without depleting natural resources. 

Example: The company is committed to sustainability and reducing its carbon footprint.

  • Pollution

Meaning – The presence or introduction into the environment of substances or contaminants that cause harm or discomfort. 

Example: The city has implemented measures to reduce air pollution.

  • Renewable

Meaning – Able to be replenished naturally over time. 

Example: Solar power is a renewable source of energy.


  • Nutrition

Meaning – The study of food and how it affects the body. 

Example: She has a degree in nutrition and works as a dietician.

  • Fitness

Meaning – The state of being physically and mentally healthy and strong. 

Example: Regular exercise is essential for maintaining fitness.

  • Prevention

Meaning – Actions taken to prevent something from happening. 

Example: Vaccines are a form of prevention against many diseases.

Travel and tourism

  • Destination

Meaning – A place to which someone is traveling or where something is sent. 

Example: Paris is a popular destination for tourists.

  • Tourist

Meaning – A person who is traveling or visiting a place for pleasure. 

Example: The city welcomes thousands of tourists each year.

  • Accommodation

Meaning – A place to stay or live, especially on a temporary basis. 

Example: We need to find accommodation for our trip to London.

Society and culture

  • Diversity

Meaning – The state of being diverse or different. 

Example: The city prides itself on its diversity and multiculturalism.

  • Tradition

Meaning – A long-established custom or belief. 

Example: The festival celebrates local traditions and customs.

  • Norms

Meaning – Social expectations or guidelines for behavior within a particular society or culture. 

Example: In some cultures, it is considered impolite to make direct eye contact during a conversation.

Arts and media

  • Genre

Meaning – A category or type of art, literature, music, or other creative work. 

Example: Science fiction is a popular genre in literature and film.

  • Critique

Meaning – A critical analysis or evaluation of a work of art or literature. 

Example: The art critic gave a scathing critique of the new exhibit.

  • Broadcast

Meaning – The transmission of audio or video content over a communication network. 

Example: The news broadcast starts at 6 pm every evening.

Some More Topic-wise Vocabulary For IELTS

Mental health
Economy and BusinessEntrepreneurship
Stock market
Supply and demand
Market research
Economic recession
Performing arts
Visual arts
Cultural diversity
Artistic expression
Cultural identity
Creative industries
Politics and GovernmentDemocracy
Human rights
Political ideology
Civil liberties
Electoral systems
Science and TechnologyGenetics
Space exploration
Quantum mechanics
Scientific research
Data analysis
Social IssuesDiscrimination
Gender equality
Social justice
Youth empowerment
Elderly care
Humanitarian aid
Family and RelationshipsParenthood
Generation gap
Extended family
Foster care
Nuclear family
Blended family
Injury prevention
Sports psychology
Media and CommunicationJournalism
Mass media
Public relations
Social media
Press freedom
Digital literacy
Media bias
Science and NatureEcology
Natural resources
Sustainable development
Food and NutritionOrganic
Dietary restrictions
Food processing
Balanced diet
Foodborne illnesses
Culinary arts
History and HeritageArchaeology
Ancient civilizations
World War
Historical landmarks
Heritage preservation
Global IssuesTerrorism
Poverty alleviation
Human trafficking
Global governance
Sustainable development goals
Conflict resolution
Humanitarian crisis
Cultural assimilation
Nuclear proliferation
Law and JusticeCivil rights
Legal system
Due process
Criminal justice
Rule of law
Constitutional rights
Legal framework
Judicial activism
Legal precedent
EmploymentProfessional development
Occupational safety
Work-life balance
Career advancement
Labor market
Job satisfaction
Workplace diversity
Remote work
Employee benefits
Unemployment rate
Science Fiction and FantasyTime travel
Parallel universe
Artificial intelligence
Space exploration
Futuristic technology
Imaginary creatures

Latest IELTS Vocabulary Words

Here, you will get some new vocabulary words that you can use in your IELTS exam to get a high band score. 

Using proper vocabulary for IELTS is very important, as we mentioned before because it does not matter how many words you know; the thing that matters is do you know how to use them correctly in a sentence.

So first, you must know how to use vocabulary correctly. You can follow some tips to improve your vocabulary for the IELTS exam. Like,

  • Writing down a new or unknown word and using a dictionary to know the meaning of that new vocabulary word for IELTS.
  • Learning synonyms for common words that we use in daily life.
  • Whenever you make sentences using an unknown word, ask someone to check whether you make the correct sentence.

Here you will get updated new vocabulary words for IELTS with their meaning, which you must practice to get a 7+ band score in the IELTS exam.

You are advised to make sentences using these words and let us know through comments our experts can check your work and let you know whether you made the right sentence.

Abateto become less intense or widespread
Acquiesceto accept something reluctantly (unwillingly) but without protest,
Admonishto warn or reprimand someone firmly
Alacritybrisk and cheerful readiness
Ameliorateto make something better or more tolerable
Apathylack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern
Articulateexpressing oneself clearly and effectively
Assuageto make less severe or intense
Beguileto charm or enchant someone, sometimes in a deceptive way
Cacophonya harsh, discordant mixture of sounds
Capriciousgiven to sudden and unaccountable changes of mood or behavior
Circumspectwary and unwilling to take risks
Conundruma confusing and difficult problem or question
Corpulentexcessively fat or overweight
Creduloushaving or showing too great a readiness to believe things
Deleteriouscausing harm or damage
Despondentin low spirits from loss of hope or courage
Diaphanouslight, delicate, and translucent
Dilatoryslow to act
Disparateessentially different in kind; not allowing comparison
Egregiousoutstandingly bad or shocking
Eloquentfluent or persuasive in speaking or writing
Emulateto imitate with the intention of equaling or surpassing
Enervateto cause someone to feel drained of energy or vitality
Eruditehaving or showing extensive knowledge
Euphemisma mild or indirect word or expression used instead of one considered too harsh or blunt
Exacerbateto make a problem or situation worse
Exemplaryserving as a desirable model; representing the best of its kind
Fastidiousvery attentive to and concerned about accuracy and detail
Fervorintense and passionate feeling
Fledglingan immature, inexperienced, or underdeveloped person or organization
Flummoxto perplex or confuse someone
Gregariousfond of company; sociable
Histrionicoverly theatrical or melodramatic in character or style
Impetuousacting or done quickly and without thought or care
Incessantcontinuing without pause or interruption
Incongruousnot in harmony or keeping with the surroundings or other aspects of something
Indolentwanting to avoid activity or exertion; lazy
Insipidlacking flavor or interest; dull
Intrepidfearless; adventurous
Jocularfond of or characterized by joking; humorous or playful
Languiddisplaying or having a disinclination for physical exertion or effort; slow and relaxed
Malaisea general feeling of discomfort, illness, or unease
Melancholya feeling of pensive sadness, typically with no obvious cause
Mitigateto make less severe, serious, or painful
Nefariouswicked or criminal
Obtuseannoyingly insensitive or slow to understand
Pernicioushaving a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle way
Perspicacioushaving a ready insight into and understanding of things
Quixoticexceedingly idealistic; unrealistic and impractical

Vocabulary For IELTS With Synonyms And Meaning

Sometimes, you use very common words in IELTS that can make your writing or speaking looks dull. So instead of those words, you can use their synonyms. 

These synonyms will work as vocabulary and play an important role in making your writing or speaking attractive. 

So let’s have a look at the common words and their synonyms.

Common wordsMeaningSynonyms
AmazingVery surprisingAstonishing, Extraordinary, Incredible, Fantastic, Fabulous
AnswerTo give a reply to somethingRespond
AwfulBad or unpleasantTerrible, Abominable, Dreadful
BadNot good or something that is of low-qualityEvil, Spoiled, Imperfect, Infamous, Dismal
BeautifulPretty or attractiveGorgeous, Ravishing, Dazzling, Exquisite, Stunning
BeginStartInitiate, Commence, Inaugurate
BiglargeHuge, Enormous, Gigantic, Humongous, Substantial, Mammoth
BreakWhen something stop working Rupture, Fracture, Shatter
CalmPerson who is not worried, angry, or too much excitedSerene, Peace, Tranquil
DangerousSomething that is not good for youHazardous, Risky, Precarious
DeliciousSomething that taste or smell goodSavoury, Titbit, Delectable
DestroyTo break somethingDemolish, Slay, Ruin, Raze
DullSomething that is not interestingBoring, Uninteresting, Monotonous, Humdrum, Dreary
ExplainWhen you represent something to make someone understandElaborate, Interpret
EndLast part of somethingTerminate, Conclude, Cessation
FallWhen something drop downDrop, Descend, Topple
FamousSomeone or something that is quite popular among peopleWell-known, Renowned, Eminent, Illustrious
FastThat move or act in speedQuick, Rapid, Hasty, Snappy, Swift
FunnySomething that make you smile and laughAmusing, Humorous, Droll, Hilarious
GetTo have somethingAcquire, Obtain, Secure, Procure, Gather
GoodSomething with high quality and standardExcellent, Fine, Wonderful, Superior, Gracious, Superb, Splendid, Genuine, Sterling, Top-notch
GreatSomething that is importantWorthy, Distinguished, Grand, Considerable, Mighty
HappyFelling of pleasurePleased, Delighted, Elated, Joyful, Ecstatic, Jubilant, Jaunty
HateNot liking someone or somethingDespise, Loathe, Abhor, Abominate
HaveWhen you own somethingPossess, Own, Acquire
HelpDoing something for someone elseAid, Assist, Support, Encourage, Relieve
HideMake something not visible to othersConceal, Cover, Mask, Veil
ImportantSomething that is necessaryVital, Critical, Indispensable, Valuable, Essential, Famous, Notable
LittlesmallTiny, Diminutive, Exiguous, Dinky, Cramped
MoveChange position of something or someonePlod, Creep, Crawl, Drag, Toddle, shuffle, Trot, Lumber, Meander
ShowTo let someone see somethingDisplay, Exhibit, Indicate, Reveal, Demonstrate
TellGiving information to someoneDisclose, Reveal, Expose, Narrate, Inform, Divulge
UseDoing something with the help of something elseEmploy, Utilise, Exhaust, Spend
WrongSomething or someone that is not correctIncorrect, Inaccurate, Mistaken, Erroneous, Improper, Unsuitable

Collocations Vocabulary For IELTS

Collocation is the combination of two or more words to make a phrase which has a proper meaning. 

Collocation Pattern for IELTS

Some of the collocation patterns is:

  • Verb + Adverb
  • Verb + Noun
  • Noun + Adjective
  • Adjective + Adverb
  • Noun + Noun

Here are some important collocations for you to use in the IELTS exam to boost or improve your score in IELTS speaking and writing. You can use these collocations as vocabulary for IELTS. 

Let’s have a look at the important collocations for IELTS:


  • Have fun
  • Have a blast
  • Have a phone
  • Have food
  • Have breakfast


  • Make your bed
  • Why don’t you make your breakfast? 
  • Make some tea
  • Make your food


  • Do your homework before you sleep
  • Do it right now
  • Do get up early


  • Take a bite from me
  • Take your pen
  • Take a bath
  • Take a knife


  • Keep your bag off
  • Keep it on the desk
  • Keep a smile on your face


  • Get it done
  • Get married
  • Get off
  • Get ready


  • Go out
  • Go home
  • Go to school

Idioms Vocabulary For IELTS

Here are some common Idioms you can use as vocabulary for IELTS speaking.

  • Out of the blue
  • In the red
  • Learn by heart
  • Child’s play
  • Under the weather
  • Kick the bucket
  • Break a leg
  • Pulling your leg
  • Over the top

You can try using these phrases in examples and let us know through the comments so our expert tutors can review your examples and let you know if you are wrong.

If you find it difficult to calculate your IELTS overall score, our blog “How to calculate IELTS score: Everything you should know” can help you with this.

IELTS Vocabulary List pdf

Download the IELTS vocabulary pdf to make your preparation easier and ace the exam with desired band score. In this pdf, you will get 1000+ advanced IELTS vocabulary words.


Along with accurate grammar, you must have good vocabulary knowledge to get the desired band score in the IELTS exam. 

Knowing a few advanced vocabulary words is not enough to get a good IELTS score; you must also know how to use them accurately.

So in this post, we have discussed the section-wise vocabulary for IELTS and provided vocabulary for different topics. 

This will help you to improve your band score in each section, as well as improve your overall band score.

If you still have any queries or questions, let us know through comments or contact our experts.

You must keep visiting CourseMentor™ for more interesting and informative content like this.


How can I improve my vocabulary for IELTS?

Below are simple steps to improve your vocabulary for IELTS:
1. Write the definition 
2. Put the word into a sentence to contextualise it
3. Check what the word form is – adjective, noun, adverb and verb.
4. Look for antonyms/synonyms 
5. Look for collocations

Which dictionary is best for IELTS?

There are a few best dictionaries available online, such as: 
1. Cambridge Dictionary
2. Oxford Learner’s Dictionary
3. Free Collocation

How many vocabularies need for IELTS?

It would be best if you had a vocabulary collection of between 6000 and 7000 of the most commonly used words. Also, ensure that every component of nature is covered in these phrases so you can speak clearly about any subject.

What is the most common vocabulary in IELTS?

Here is a list of a few most commonly used vocabulary words

1. Wrong
2. Tell
3. Show
4. New
1. Mistaken
2. Narrate and Inform
3. Display and Exhibit
4. Recent and current