Nowadays many IT companies demand that their employers should have a solid understanding of the best programming languages – yes, more than one. 

If you want to develop your career and want to learn the greatest programming language, then this blog is beneficial for you.  

You will have to think about many aspects like willingness to learn, the difficulty level, your prior knowledge, why you want to learn the top programming languages, and so on. 

There is a need to learn the best programming language, whether you want to achieve a programming certification or learn how to design mobile applications. 

In this blog, we will discuss the best programming languages to learn in 2022, the annual salary projection, and its complexity.

What Is A Programming Language?

A programming language is a type of computer language that programmers use to create software, scripts, or other sets of instructions for computers to follow.

Although many languages have similar structures, each has its own syntax. 

After learning the rules, syntax, and structure of the language, a programmer writes the source code in a text editor or integrated development environment (IDE). 

The programmer then converts the code into machine language, which the computer can understand. 

An interpreter is used to execute scripts that do not require the use of a compiler.

Types Of Programming Languages

Each of the programming languages discussed in the next section can be classified into one or more of the following types (paradigms).

  • High-level (most common) / low-level
  • Declarative / imperative / procedural
  • General-purpose / domain-specific
  • Object-oriented / concurrent
  • Command / Compiled / Script language

Best Programming languages to learn


annual salary – $72,500

Python is a widely-used general-purpose programming language with a wide range of applications. 

It has high-level data structures, dynamic typing, dynamic binding, and many other capabilities that make it suitable for both complex programme development and scripting or “glue code” that connects components. 

It can also be extended to make system calls to practically any operating system, as well as run C or C++ code. 

Python is a universal language used in a variety of applications due to its ubiquity and ability to run on practically every system architecture. It is one of the best programming languages to learn.


annual salary – $79,000

Java is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language based on classes that are designed to have fewer implementation requirements. 

It is a computer platform for the development of applications. As a result, Java is quick, secure, and dependable. 

It’s commonly used in laptops, data centres, game consoles, scientific supercomputers, cell phones, and other places to develop Java applications. It is the second best programming languages to learn.


annual salary – $136,000

Kotlin is a free, open-source, statically typed “pragmatic” programming language that combines object-oriented and functional programming concepts. 

It was initially designed for the JVM (Java Virtual Machine) and Android. 

Interoperability, safety, clarity, and tooling support are all priorities. 

Kotlin versions for JavaScript ES5.1 and native code (using LLVM) for a variety of processors are also available. It is the third-best programming languages to learn.


annual salary – $96,000

Swift is an open-source multi-paradigm programming language for iPadOS, macOS, tvOS, watchOS, and iOS development. 

Apple introduced it in 2014 to give developers a powerful language to use when creating iOS apps. says that the language was created to be safe, quick, and expressive. It’s designed to take the place of C-based languages. 

The Swift programming language is constantly evolving, and the Swift community is growing. 

The Swift source code is available on GitHub, making it accessible to anyone. It is the fourth-best programming languages to learn.


annual salary – $68,500

C# is an object-oriented programming language that was created by Microsoft and rose to fame in the 2000s. 

When compared to Java, C# founder Anders Hejlsberg says that the language is similar to C++. 

Because it uses Microsoft Visual C++ as an IDE, it is one of the most capable languages for the.NET framework and is best suited for Android, iOS, and Windows. 

C# is also used in the backend of popular websites like Dell, Bing, and Visual Studio. It is the fifth-best programming languages to learn.

C and C++

average salary – $76,500

C is the basis for computer languages such as C#, Java, and Javascript. It is also one of the most widely used languages. 

If you want to learn the best programming language, you should study C because it serves as a foundation for C++ development. 

C and C++ are widely used in computer science and programming.

Both C and C++ are high-performance languages that are frequently used in areas where performance is important, such as commercial products (Adobe), client/server programs, and video games. It is the sixth-best programming languages to learn.


average salary – $92,000

Go, a programming language created by Google in 2007 for APIs and online applications, has just recently started to gain popularity as one of the fastest-growing computer languages. 

The popularity of Go comes from its simplicity. It is capable of handling multicore systems as well as large codebases. 

Go, often known as Golang, is a popular programming language among large IT organisations due to its familiar syntax and ease of use. 

Some of the companies that use Go as their programming language include Twitch, Dropbox, and Uber. 

Because of its performance and agility, Go has become popular among data scientists.


average salary – $81,500

PHP is an open-source programming language founded in 1990 that many web developers believe is essential to learn because it is used to generate more than 80% of websites. 

Some of the companies that use the programming language are Facebook and Yahoo. 

This language is also used to create command-line scripts, server-side scripts, and desktop apps by developers. 

PHP is considered to be a very simple language to learn for beginners.


average salary – $101,000

Matlab is a proprietary programming language owned by MathWorks that was first released in the mid-1980s. 

Matlab is a programming language designed for engineers and scientists that may be used to create a machine learning and deep learning applications. 

It’s also used to develop algorithms, conduct research, process photos, and analyse data.

The MathWorks website includes a comprehensive MatLab section where you may learn more.


average salary – $91,000

R is a programming language that is frequently used by statisticians and data miners. 

It is a free software environment for graphics and statistical computing. 

For data analysis and statistical software creation, they primarily use R programming. 

Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman created R programming, which, along with Python, has grown to become one of the most frequently used programming languages in 2021.


average salary – $111,660

One of the essential technologies of the World Wide Web is JavaScript, a high-level programming language. 

It is used by 97.6% of all websites as a client-side programming language. 

Originally only used to develop web browsers, JavaScript is now used for server-side website deployments as well as non-web browser applications.


average salary – $90,000

Consider Ruby if you wish to start with a language that is known for being relatively easy to learn. 

It was created in the 1990s with the goal of having a more human-friendly syntax while remaining flexible due to its object-oriented architecture, which supports procedural and functional programming notation. 

Ruby on Rails (“RoR”) is a web application framework written in Ruby. 

Ruby developers commend it for being a simple language to write in and for the short amount of time it takes to master. 

These attributes have resulted in a sizable Ruby developer community and a growing interest in the language among beginners.

Conclusion (Best Programming Languages To Learn)

In this blog, we have discussed the 12 best programming languages to learn. I hope this blog is beneficial for you. There are hundreds of programming languages available today, but these are the top ten that you should learn, as they are the most popular or extensively used languages in most corporations around the world. 

Best Programming Languages To Learn FAQs

What is the fastest programming language?

C++ is one of the most efficient and faster programming languages available. It’s popular among competitive programmers because of its quick execution and standard template libraries (STL). Even while C++ is more widely used, it has flaws such as buffer errors. C++ runs at approximately the same speed as its predecessor, C.

What coding language is most used?

JavaScript is the most widely used coding language in the world today. This is due to the fact that it is used by the majority of web browsers and is one of the easiest languages to learn.