types of academic writing

What is academic writing? Types of academic writing

Academic writing is very important to learn especially for students. It teaches the student how to think critically and accurately while clearly conveying complex ideas in a well-structured, concise format. This type of writing can be defined in many ways. Your instructors can give different names to these assignments – essay, term paper, analysis essay but all of them have the same purpose and are based on the same principles.

Academic writing should involve expressing your own ideas in response to what your teacher said. The goal of completing academic writing is to show that you have a profound knowledge of a specific topic. You can easily share your own thoughts about a scientific question or an issue that may be of interest to your professor, and other scholars.

Types of Academic Writing

There are four major types of academic writing:

1.    Descriptive

2.    Analytical

3.    Persuasive

4.    Critical

Purpose of Academic Writing

There are several purposes of academic writing but the main purpose of academic writing is to provide the information with a clear, appropriate and thoughtful image of that specific topic. There are so many types of academic writing and each of them is written to provide for its specific purpose, for example, one type of academic writing is done for an explanation of the subject, the other is done just to describe etc. Now, moving toward the overall purpose of academic writing, they are as follows:


When you start writing you need to use more accurate and authentic words. Some students use more unclear word combinations like “many people say” or “once a person said” are not considered to feel accurate in academic writing. So one of the purposes of academic writing is to provide the reader with correct and accurate information.


On the daily basis we use very simple language and in a very clear way but when we write or read academic content it is complex. In academic writing, we have to use more accurate language from all points of view which include grammar, phrases, clauses, subordinates, qualifying adjective etc.


During the academic writing, you should avoid informal language. The purpose of academic writing is to avoid using short forms and dialect words in your writing.


While writing academic content, the student has to focus more on the objective of the topic rather than focusing on what your audience think about that topic. So whenever we talk about objectivity we talk about the central idea or main theme of the topic. So, try to write information relevant to the topic without thinking what your opinion is.

So above are given some of the purposes of academic writing which reader and writer both should keep in their mind while reading and writing and academic content.

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The principle of academic writing

•    Your papers must have a clear purpose. It presents your original point of view.

•    Your writing must have a single focus – all paragraphs have to include relevant evidence (facts, expert opinions, and quotations, examples) to support your thesis statement.

•    You must follow a standard organizational pattern. Every academic text must include the following parts: an introduction, the main body, and a conclusion. Some papers may require an abstract.

•    As a writer, you need to provide clear, logical, and simple explanations to your reader.

•    You should refer to a number of scholarly sources. You need to integrate source materials into your discussion.

•    To ensure academic integrity, all college essays should be formatted in accordance with the requirements of one of the specific citation styles – APA, MLA, Harvard, Chicago that determine the rules for in-text citations, paper sections, format, reference list.

Academic Writing Structure

An academic paper has three distinct sections:


In the introduction, you must grab the reader’s attention and identify the thesis of the paper.


This is the main part of the writing and the paragraphs must be clearly written. Each initial sentence links the preceding paragraph and the whole section flows smoothly.


In conclusion, you re-emphasize the thesis and summarize all the main points. The conclusion consists of one paragraph which shows the final conclusion to the reader.

Tips on Academic Writing

Here are some things to remember about academic writing.


You should need to make a plan before starting to write a paper. Your academic paper will be analytical and organized.


A proper outline is a necessity for academic writing. An outline will not only help you formulate your thoughts but will sometimes make you aware of certain relationships between topics. It will help you determine the pertinent information to be included in your paper.


The language in your paper needs to be clear and words need to be chosen for their accuracy. A thesaurus is a good tool to help you pick just the right words to explain the issues.


The point of view in the third person, as the focus of academic writing, is to educate on the facts, not support an opinion.

Read this article where you will find a complete guide on how to write good academic papers. We will provide you with all the necessary information. You can also submit your requirements with us. We always complete your paper within the given deadline.

Types of Academic Writing

1.    Descriptive
2.    Analytical
3.    Persuasive
4.    Critical

Purpose of Academic Writing


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