Java and Python are two of the most popular programming languages in the world right now, so many developers use these languages and use these programming languages on a daily basis, but when it comes to using one of these programming languages then you’ll face the most obvious questions and that is ‘Which one programming language should I choose?’.
In this article, we check out the comparison between these two languages that help you decide which one is best for you. So, let’s get to know about the topic and that is “Python vs. Java; what is the best programming language?”
So, let’s get started.
Python vs. Java: History
Before we start our Python vs. Java comparison. Let us take a look at the origin of these two languages.
The Java Language Project was initiated in June 1991 by James Gosling, Mike Sheridan, and Patrick Naughton. It was initially called Oak Project Oak, but was later renamed then Project Green’ and then eventually’ Java ‘(named after Java Coffee).
Guido van Rossum created Python in the late 1980s as a replacement for the ABC language. It was named after the famous British comedy group ‘Monte Python.’ It was developed to interact with the amoeba operating system.
Python vs. Java: Architecture
Both of these languages are very popular, but when under the hood it is quite different.
Let’s learn how to work on these two languages and turn your code into instructions that a machine can understand.
Java is a high-level, object-oriented programming language. It is built on the principle of writing once, run anywhere (labor). Java achieves this principle of WORA with the help of JVM or Java Virtual Machine. Java is both compiled and interpreted. A developer writes the code and then collects the code file using the Java compiler and finally converts that code into byte code in a file with a .class extension.
Now, the .class file is interpreted and interpreted by the JVM. A just-in-time compiler (also known as JIT compiler) in a Java virtual machine helps to cover byte code that is in machine code or instructions in a .class file that the processor can understand.
Python is an interpretive, high-level, object-oriented scripting language. By calling Python an interpreted language we mean that unlike Java, no byte code is generated here; the code is simply run through the interpreter who interprets and executes it, line by line.
Unlike Java, the process of code involves no additional steps that are converted into byte code and then interpreted by a runtime environment.
Python vs. Java: performance
Now, we see the difference between the achievements of these two languages.
As Java is a compiled language, it is faster between these two programming languages. It uses JVM and its Just-in-Time (JIT) compiler. As it is a statistically typed language, there is no need to detect data type variables at runtime, which gives it a significant boost in performance.
Python is slower than Java because it is an interpreted language, and therefore Python detects the data type of a variable at runtime and is therefore slow.
Python vs. Java: Getting Started
Now, we know a little more about these languages. Let’s see how to start with them.
Getting started with Java is a bit tiresome. First of all, you have to download the Java Development Kit (ZDK) from the official Oracle website, then install it. Then, you have to add the file system location of JDK to the PATH variable. Only then you can use JDK and write Java code. Also, for Java, you can use any of several IDEs (Integrated Development Environment) such as Eclipse, Net beans, Intelligence, etc.
These can help you complete and remodel the code and write more code with fewer keystrokes.
Getting started with Python is relatively simple. All you have to do is download the Python programming package from https://www.python.org and install it. Then, you will have access to the command of Python from the command line and IDL (Integrated Development and Learning Environment), which is a small IDE that can be used to write and execute Python code. You can download and use other IDEs like PyCharm to improve your productivity.
Python vs. Java: Syntax
This is probably one of our possibly Java vs. Python topics which is better? ‘Analysis in which these two languages could not be more different.
Although both languages are trendy, one significant difference between them is their syntax.
The syntax of Java, like many other languages of its time, is inspired by the trendy programming C ‘programming language. Java has basic curly braces such as conditional statements, loops, functions, etc. to mark the beginning and end of a code block.
Also, Java uses quasi-colons to mark the end of a statement. Each program in Java must be written within a class; each application should have only one primary method from which the execution of the program will begin. This, among other things, makes the code written in Java very functional or lengthy, which is one reason why people do not like to work with Java.
Python’s syntax is designed to be very intuitive and easy to read. Unlike Java, there is no need to wrap your code in a class; also, the main method is not required in Python. Also, Python is not inspired by the language C ‘language; in its syntax, it is similar to a language like Lisp. Because of this, Python does not use semicolon for curly braces to terminate statements and define a code block, but rather uses indentation, that is, to determine the beginning and end of a code block. Frequent use of What Sapp; each line of code is treated as a statement in Python. This makes the code more readable, accurate, and compact.
As you can see, Java takes about eight lines of code to swap two numbers; whereas, Python only takes three lines.
Python vs. Java: where are they used?
Although both languages are extensively used in many companies, there are specialized domains where one is more popular than the other.
Java is widely used for desktop application development. The reason for this is that Swing in Java has a rich library of GUI components. Now, with the introduction of JavaFX components, you can use Java to build high-performance modern GUI desktop applications. You can also create web applications and web APIs in Java using your Spring Framework. Java is also heavily used in backend server-side programs, especially in the financial industry. A major reason for Java’s popularity is that it is used to develop Android applications. Java is also used extensively in big data processing in frameworks like Hadoop, Spark, etc.
Because Python is so easy to use, many start-ups and MNCs are using it to develop rapidly for release in the market. Python is widely used in the scientific computing industry, especially in data science. Because of the abundance of Python packages available for scientific calculation and data manipulation, such as NumPy, Pandas, SciPy, etc., Python is used for machine learning, deep learning, and so on. Python also has two common frameworks for web application development, Flask, and Django.
Python vs. Java: learning curve
We have compared the two languages on several parameters. Now, let us see how long it will take you to learn these languages.
Java is one of those languages that has a very steep learning curve. Due to its large in-built libraries, verbose syntax, and complicated installation steps, it takes a lot of time to get used to this programming language effectively.
Python is easy to learn, thanks to its readable and concise syntax. Python has a beneficial inbuilt standard set of libraries to perform some essential tasks such as databases, network programming, etc.
Python vs. Java: Trends
Also, our Java vs. Python? Analysis, let’s see the popularity of these languages. Both these languages are quite popular, but which of them is more popular and where it will be analyzed.
Java is more popular than Python in India, but as you can see, the disparity between the two’s popularity is decreasing.
On the other hand, Python is more popular than Java in the United States and is becoming more popular over time.
Python vs. Java: salary
Now let’s see how much these languages can bring you a salary. Compare Java vs. Python Pay in India first.
As you can see, if you are a fresher, Python will earn you more income, but as you are more experienced, you get better pay increases in Java than in Python.
Python vs. Java: Conclusion
The Python vs. Java; what is the best programming language? ‘Analysis, it is clear that these two languages have their pros and cons.
Java is fast, and as it is statistically typed, it is more preferred in large-scale industries such as the financial industry and is also more popular in domains such as mobile applications and Big Data.
Whereas, Python is easy to read, use, and learn and is used a lot in the scientific community. It is also deployed in start-ups for rapid manufacturing products and development of web applications and web services.
Therefore, there is no clear winner, but if you want to choose one of them, you should select which domain you want to work on and also how much time you have. For example, if you’re going to develop an Android app, you can use Java, and if you’re going to learn a web application for a web service quickly.