At the start of the Internet, about 1990, Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator were the two most well-known internet browsers being used by the overall population.
In only 10 days, an engineer named Brendan Eich at Netscape Inc. had the option to make a programming language that could educate the PC on the best way to write with the client after getting clients’ input. They called this language “LiveScript” and organized it straightforwardly into Navigator.
Java is a programming language created by James Gosling and created by Sun Microsystems. It took slightly longer than 10 days to create — it took more like four years. In 1991, a company of Sun Microsystem designers called the “Green Team” worked day and night to make Java. It was first released in 1995, and a few new forms have been propelled from that point forward. The present Internet is immersed in Java-run programming. We have Java to thank for a meaningful number of the letters that make everyday living simpler. Java is now alleged by Oracle.
Features of Java
- Java is Object-oriented and uses concepts related to object-oriented programming like inheritance, encapsulation, abstraction, polymorphism, etc. It makes it possible to design object-oriented applications.
- Write once, run anywhere theory. In other words, with Java, the code is to be written once and then run on almost any computing platform that has Java Virtual Machine.
- Java boasts of automatic memory management.
- Distributed as programs, they can be designed to run on computer networks.
- Java follows a simple syntax.
- It is a multithreaded language. This feature makes it possible to write a program to do many tasks simultaneously. Simply put, the same memory and resources are used to execute multiple threads at the same time.
- Java is platform-independent.
- It is secure, which aids in the development of a virus-free system.
- It is robust.
- Java makes use of a compiler to execute codes.
- It delivers high performance.
- It employs client edge technology meaning that the client (user’s web browser) has full control over the content. This content is updated in servers because of the client’s edge technology in JS.
- It makes use of else and if statements to perform logical expressions.
- It boasts of a robust testing workflow.
- Easy to learn.
- It has many in-built functions.
- It can control the response on the website.
- Both these programming languages are object-oriented, making them accessible to concepts like inheritance, polymorphism, encapsulation, etc.
- Both of these languages can be run on an Internet browser. In other words, both languages are browser compatible.
Type of language
Java is an object-oriented programming language and static, whereas it is an object-based scripting language and dynamic.
Type of objects
Java has class-based objects. On the other hand, it makes use of prototype-based objects.
Java is used for server-side development. However, is used mainly for writing client-side scripts.
Compilation and interpretation
It is an interpreting language, and Java is a compiling language.
Java can be used to design applications for androids, desktops, and financial / banking applications. However, using it, one can develop web applications alone.
Java requires the data types to be declared, and in it, data types aren’t declared.
Java supports this multithreading feature with which the same memory and resources are used to execute multiple threads simultaneously. However, it doesn’t support this feature.
It is a multi-paradigm language meaning that it can take up OOP, scripting, or procedural as demanded by the user. On the other hand, Java is strictly object-oriented.
It supports closures, whereas Java doesn’t.
It is yet another feature where Java has the edge over it. The former allows two or more functions with the same name to execute different tasks. It doesn’t support this feature.
Scope of variable
Advantages of Java
- Java supports reusable code.
- Java being network-centric makes it easy to design and develop distributed computing systems.
- It is multithreaded, meaning multiple tasks within the program can be performed simultaneously.
- Java is highly scalable.
- It is a secure and robust programming language.
- One of the critical advantages of Java is that it is platform-independent. It makes it possible to run the programs on any platform that has JVM.
- Java is an extensible language. Thus, it supports various functions written in other languages as well, such as C and C++.
- This language has easy-to-navigate libraries.
- Java promises excellent performance.
Disadvantages of Java
- It is comparatively slower.
- It requires more memory.
- Higher hardware costs.
- It doesn’t support anything with regards to garbage collection.
- It runs in any browser, be it Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, to name a few.
- It comes with several powerful and robust frameworks.
- This language allows multiple tasks to be handled at the same time.
- It employs procedure-based features to make the application creative in every possible manner.
- It integrates with HTML.
- The Client-side doesn’t allow the reading or writing of files.
- It doesn’t support a multithreading feature.
Which language to choose?