IELTS (International English Language Testing System) is an exam that measures your English language proficiency. 

It measures your proficiency in 4 modules,

  • Reading
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Writing

In this blog, I will provide the IELTS writing topics students can face in the IELTS exam. In IELTS, there are two types of tasks that students have to complete. 

For IELTS writing task 1, students must write at least 150 words based on a given graph/ table/ chart/ diagram. They must write only what they can see in the given image, they should have to add any content on their own.

For IELTS writing task 2, students will be given a question they must answer in at least 250 words, as per their knowledge. To help students to practice for IELTS writing task 2, I will provide the latest IELTS writing topics.

Top IELTS Writing Topics

When it comes to IELTS topics, it is more about the current affair and topics. You need to study all the latest happenings worldwide as there is a big chance of it coming to you in the form of task 2. This is why we are here to help you with the IELTS writing topics that hold a high probability of being in the exam. Take a look at some IELTS essay topics:

  1. Art 
  2. Business & Money 
  3. Communication & Personality 
  4. Crime & Punishment 
  5. Education 
  6. Environment  
  7. Family & Children  
  8. Food & Diet 
  9. Government 
  10. Health 
  11. Housing 
  12. Language 
  13. Leisure 
  14. Media & Advertising  
  15. Reading  
  16. Society  
  17. Space Exploration 
  18. Sport & Exercise  
  19. Technology  
  20. Tourism  
  21. Transport  
  22. Work
  23. Culture
  24. World Issues & Social Issues

Recent Exam-Based IELTS Writing Topics

Here you will find the latest IELTS writing topics that have come to the IELTS exam recently.

  • Nowadays, not enough students choose the science stream at school or university in many countries. Why is this? What effects does this have on society?
  • Some people feel that cities must allow for spaces for graffiti (wall designs or art), while others feel it should be banned. Give your opinion after discussing both sides.
  • In some nations, people increasingly talk about money, such as how much they earn or pay for things in their daily conversations. Why? Is this a negative or positive trend?
  • Some think newspapers are the most convenient and best way to read the news, while others say that other media is better. Give your opinion after discussing both sides.
  • Some believe that the latest science related to criminal forensics must be used to look at old cases. To what extent do you agree/disagree?
  • Ownership of cars has increased so rapidly over the past 3 decades that in many cities there are constant traffic jams. How true this statement is? What measures can authorities take to stop people from owning cars?
  • Some countries have legal ages for people to drink. Other countries believe not having strict laws is a good policy. Give your opinion after discussing both sides.
  • Some people think that there is a negative impact of social networking sites on both society and individuals. To what extent do you agree/disagree?
  • Online currencies or digital currencies have become common in the past few years. Why is this happening? Is this a negative or positive development?
  • As there is an increase in the number of cars, more money must be spent on road systems. There are some people who think that the authority must pay for this. Others think that the drivers need to cover the costs. Give your opinion after discussing both sides.

Expected questions in IELTS exam 2022-23

Here you will see some example questions from the most common categories from that questions are expected in the IELTS exam 2022-2023.


  • Environment problems and solutions for them
  • Endangered species – causes and solutions
  • Pollution – causes and solutions
  • Climate change – problem, causes, and solutions
  • Whose responsibility is to take care of the environment – government or individual


  • Is art important? Why or why not?
  • What does a child learn from art?
  • Should the government fund the artist?
  • Does art break the language barrier?

Money and Business

  • Pros and cons of a family-run business.
  • Is it important to teach money management in school?
  • Should people save or spend money?
  • People spend a lot of money on luxury goods. It is good or bad?
  • Business success factors
  • Employees should wear uniforms at the company. Your views.

Crime & Punishment

  • There should be fixed punishment for a crime, or it should depend upon circumstances.
  • Benefits and drawbacks of prisons
  • Increment in online crime. Reasons and solutions
  • Should the punishment for child or adult criminals be the same?
  • Ways to reduce crime in society.
  • Do movies encourage crime?


  • Are art galleries and museums important?
  • How local culture is changing with tourism?
  • Do foreign movies are effecting local culture?
  • Will culture will be lost in the future because of globalization?

Language & Communication

  • How the internet changed the way of communication
  • Does handwriting become a thing of the past?
  • Is it beneficial to add a foreign language as a subject in early school days?
  • Is it good or bad to have one global language?


  • Is technology making people lazy?
  • Can technology be used to solve environmental problems?
  • Is Increment in technology making people jobless?
  • Technology, science, and health
  • Should government spend a huge amount of money in advance technology or microtechnology?
  • How has technology changed people’s lives?


  • Tourism and its impact on a nation.
  • What is better, experiencing a foreign country on TV or traveling there?
  • Should a nation promote tourism?
  • Pros and cons of tourism

World Issues & Social Issues

  • How to tackle homelessness?
  • Overpopulation – reasons and solution
  • Life expectancy increase – pros and cons
  • Wastage of natural resources – reasons, causes, and solutions
  • Generation gap 
  • Whose responsibility is to take care of elder people – Government or family
  • Rich nations should support poor ones. Your views


  • Pros and cons of online work
  • Holidays important for work
  • Self-employment pros and cons
  • Work-life balance
  • Both parents are working. Impact of this on children

So, these are the topics that you need to get yourself prepared with to have a successful exam. You need to know everything about the latest happenings related to these topics. But, just knowing these topics is not going to help. It is important that you also gain a proper understanding of the different types of essays that can come your way and how they need to be framed. 

Different Essays Types in IELTS Writing Topics

There are different types of IELTS essays that might come your way. It is important that you remain prepared for all. This is why we are here to help you understand all about the same so that you can cover any type of essay and enhance the chances of better results. Let’s get started with the same and check out the below-mentioned different types of essays:

  1. Opinion Essay
  2. Discussion Essay
  3. Problem Solution Essay
  4. Advantages and Disadvantages Essay
  5. Double Question Essay

Most of the questions in IELTS writing topics are from the categories mentioned above. We will discuss all these 5 types of essays below. 

In essay writing, there is a basic structure of the essay that you need to follow. There are 4 important parts of essay writing in IELTS.

structure of the IELTS task 2 (Essay)
  1. Introduction
  2. Main body paragraph 1
  3. Main body paragraph 2
  4. Conclusion

These 4 paragraphs should be in your essay without these paragraphs examiner won’t consider your essay complete. This can even deduct your band score if you do not cover all these paragraphs in your writing.


In this, you have to give an introduction about the topic you are writing an essay on. First, you have to give a general statement about the topic, then you have to paraphrase the given statement. Lastly, you must give a thesis statement about what you will discuss in the following essay.

Main body paragraph 1

In this, you have to give your first main idea about the topic with a suitable example that is relevant to the topic. Then you can give a supporting idea for your main idea, relevant to your topic.

Main body paragraph 2

In this, you must give 2nd main idea with an example and a supporting idea for your main idea. 


This is the most important part of your essay without it, your essay is incomplete, and you won’t get a full band score in your essay writing (task 2) without the conclusion. In this, you have to give a complete summary of the essay that what you have written in the essay, and you can give your opinion in the conclusion (if asked).

Different Essays Types in IELTS Writing Topics

Opinion Essay

This is the first and most common type of IELTS essay topics that come into the exam. These essay topics are called “Agree or disagree” or “Argumentative” essays. In this, the question is asked in two parts. In the first part, there is a statement, and in the second part, you are asked to give your opinion or discuss the arguments. 

Example: A big salary is more important than job satisfaction. Do you agree or disagree?

Key Tips

  • Choose one side of the argument.
  • State your opinion clearly in the introduction.
  • Keep the same opinion throughout the essay.
  • Give reasons why you hold this view.

Discussion Essays

In this essay, you have to discuss the two views on the exam topic. You can say this is the easiest essay in IELTS writing topics.

Example: Some people say that zoos should be closed down, while others say zoos have a good impact on people. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Key Tips

  • Develop both sides of the argument.
  • Discuss the view you don’t agree with first.

Problem Essays

Causes and solution and problem and solution are other names of this essay type. In this essay, there will be a statement, and you are asked about the problem and solutions related to the statement.

Example: There is advancement in medicine, but daily, many people die due to diseases that can be prevented easily. What are the causes of the case? What can be the solution to this problem?

Key Tips

  • Write only one or two problems and solutions, do not right a lot of problems and solutions.
  • Link your problem and solution to each other.

Advantages & Disadvantages Essays

In this type of question, there will be a statement, and you have to give the advantages and disadvantages of the trend. 

Example: A huge amount of money has to pay by the people in the form of taxes for space exploration. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this trend of spending money on space exploration?

Key Tip

  • Give your opinion after discussing the advantages and disadvantages.

Double Question Essays

This type of IELTS essay in IELTS essay topics is also known as a “direct question” or “two questions” essay. In the statement of this question, there will be two questions that may or may not link to each other. 

Example: Advertisements are used by large companies to boost their sales. What makes an ad effective? What do you think, ads are good or bad for society?

Key Tips

  • Answer both questions fully.
  • Don’t confuse it with a discussion essay or opinion one.
  • Don’t write too many ideas.

These are the different types of essays that might come your way in the IELTS exams. All you have to do is to prepare as per the topic given to avail the results as per your vision. Now let’s check out the tips that you need to keep in mind to get your essay completed to perfection, whatever the IELTS writing topics. 

Tips To Complete Your IELTS Writing Topics

Below mentioned are the different aspects that you need to keep in mind to prepare for your IELTS writing task:

  • The first and most important step is to get a proper understanding of the topic with which the task needs to be prepared.
  • Planning your answer is the next step to moving ahead convincingly. You need to have the structure ready for a better answer. 
  • You need to make your introduction short and to the point with all the aspects covered. 
  • After this, you need to get your body drafted with all the information related to the topic. 
  • Lastly, you need to frame the conclusion with the message of the topic and make sure to keep it brief and precise.


In this blog, I have explained the recent or latest exam-based IELTS writing topics. You must practice the questions mentioned above to put yourself a step ahead in preparation for the IELTS exam. 

If you need sample answers for the IELTS task 2 topics, you can download our IELTS writing task 2 pdf. In that pdf, you will find the latest topics with sample answers from which you can take an idea of how you must answer the IELTS for IELTS writing topics in task 2 to get an 8+ score.

If you still have any queries or questions, contact our experts. You can also use our online exam preparation help service if you need help preparing for the IELTS exam.

For more interesting and informational content like this, keep visiting CourseMentor™.


What should I do to write an effective essay?

The topics will be simple aspects of daily life, such as sports, news, traffic, and the environment. Watching English news and reading English newspapers will help you a great deal in writing a good essay. You can also write an effective essay with practice tests.

Which section is tough in IELTS?

The level of difficulty in IELTS can vary from person to person. But, many test takers may find the Writing section challenging due to time management and organizing ideas effectively.